Modernism is always regarded as rebellious, if not revolutionary. The most difficult barrier for innovators is society’s cautious acceptance of new ideas and concepts. Progress will be made only if the community is open to and accepting of new norms. This is where perseverance and strength come into play for those who introduce new ideals. This holds even in the field of architecture and design.
Modernism in architecture, a flourishing 20th-century movement, commenced a shift in which designers embraced technology, innovation, and unrestricted experimentation. The utilitarian and straightforward nature of modernist structures was inspired by Louis Sullivan’s maxim, “form follows function.” These structures incorporate industrial materials and are characterized by geometric forms, open floor plans, and a minimalist aesthetic. World-renowned architects such as Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Le Corbusier were the forerunners of modernist architecture, and its guiding principles are still prevalent today.